IVF in Poland has been available for over 25 years. However there was no bill which would provide statutory regulation for IVF. The clinics although very modern and with high European standards were all working in the “grey area” of law regulations.
Those times have come to an end on 22nd of July 2015. On that day the Polish government has approved the bill that regulates the IVF. It would have been regulated years before but the mainly because of the opposition of the Roman Catholic Church it was being delayed.
The IVF bill introduces EU directives so that the IVF laws in Poland are consistent with EU laws.
New IVF bill regulates the following:
- Patients eligible for IVF are both married and unmarried couples which tried to conceive for 12 months without success.
- Patients are permitted to have up to six eggs fertilized
- More than 6 eggs fertilized will be available for women with infertility, over 35 years of age with two failed assisted reproduction procedures in the past
- The reasons for using more than 6 eggs must be medically documented
- Only after 12 months of other methods of treatment a patient is eligible to use IVF unless it is proven that those methods cannot be in any way effective
- Obligatory tests for donors, HIV, HCV and HTLV
- Eggs can be given to an anonymous recipient
- Destruction of eggs able to develop in a healthy way is prohibited under the threat of imprisonment
- PGD is allowed only because of medical reasons
- Embryos can be passed on to an anonymous recipient. They will also be passed on for anonymous donation if they have been in storage for 20 years or if both of donors passed away.
Using donated biological material will be completely unacceptable if:
- The donor objected in writing on the usage of his biological material
- The donor passed away and did not leave a written permission for using his biological material
Prohibited under the threat of imprisonment:
- Buying or selling eggs or embryos
- Collecting reproductive cells from a dead body (except in case of a criminal investigation)
- Creating embryos for other purposes than assisted reproduction are prohibited
- Creating chimeras and hybrids
- Embryo cloning
Additionally the bill states that new Infertility Treatment Centres are to be made in Poland in the near future. Furthermore a Registry of Egg Donors and a Council of Infertility Treatment will be created. Also included in the regulations are the ways of labelling, monitoring and storage of the eggs and embryos.
In the subject of children born thanks to using IVF treatments using anonymous donor eggs, they will be able to gain information about the donor after the age of 18. Those information are the year and place of birth and his medical status.
The bill also prohibits any human DNA manipulation, embryo cloning and using methods influencing the gender’s embryo.
- Egg donation (fresh cycle)
- Egg donation (frozen cycle)
- Egg donation: Anonymous / Non anonymous /
- Embryo donation
- PGD – single gene diagnosis (only for medical reasons)
- PGS – chromosome screening
- Sperm Donation
- IVF for same sex parents
- IVF for single woman
- Sex selection