|City served||Region||IATA||Airport name|
|Brno||South Moravian||BRQ||Brno-Tuřany Airport|
|Karlovy Vary||Karlovy Vary||KLV||Karlovy Vary Airport|
|Ostrava||Moravian-Silesian||OSR||Leoš Janáček Airport Ostrava|
|Prague||capital||PRG||Václav Havel Airport|
This is the biggest airport in the Czech Republic, being used by the majority of foreign clients. It was built in 1933–1937. It is designated for international and domestic traffic, regular and irregular flights. It is 17 km from Prague’s city center, situated in the northwest outskirts of the city. It takes about 20-25 minutes to get from the airport to the center by car or 55 minutes by public transport. You can use the Prague bus services, taxi, or rent a car to get from the airport. The Prague international airport is divided into two parts: the “old” and “new” airport. There is a terminal for private flights (Terminal 3 General Aviation, abbreviated as T 3) in the old part, and terminals 1 and 2 (abbreviated as T 1 and T 2) in the new one.
- Terminal 1 (T 1) – for intercontinental flights including flights from the UK, North America, Near East, Africa and Asia
- Terminal 2 (T 2) – for flights from EU countries, participants in the Schengen Agreement.
- Terminal 3 (T 3) – (originally Terminal South 1, 2) – used for VIP and private flights, official state visits, charter flights.
There are tourist information desks in the arrivals lobby, where English and German speaking personnel will give you the required information and assistance. City maps are handed out for free here. Ruzyně Airport provides standard services to passengers, including exchange offices, ATMs, electronic transport information stands, restaurants, shops and desks of agencies mediating car rental or hotel reservations. The regular and irregular direct flights between Prague and 130 world destinations are operated by approximately 51 airlines and the airport checks in more than 11.6 million passengers a year. The national airline operator is Czech Airlines (abbreviated as ČSA). ČSA offers connections between Prague and most European capital cities and transit points in North America.
Brno Flight Connections (to niech będzie link do PDF)
This airport was opened in 1954 and it is the second biggest international airport in the Czech Republic. In 2009, the Brno Airport checked in around half a million passengers. The airport is situated right by the D1 highway in the Brno – Olomouc direction, which makes it very easy to reach. It is 8 km from Brno’s city center and it takes about 20 minutes to get from the airport to the city center. Transport from the airport is ensured either by the Brno municipal mass transport buses (bus line 76 and night line 89), all night and day, or you can rent a car or take a taxi. The taxi cars park opposite the airport building. The terminal of the Brno-Tuřany Airport consists of the Departures building and the Arrivals building, which are interconnected with a linking block. The Departures and Arrivals lobbies are divided into the “Schengen” part and “Non-Schengen” part. You will find the tourist information center, car rental offices and taxis upon leaving the Arrivals lobby.
It is situated about 20 km southwest of Ostrava, by the town of Mošnov. It was opened in 1959. The airport checks in approximately 300,000 passengers a year. The Ostrava Airport operates regular flights, as well as charter flights in the tourism season. Bus transport from the airport to the city of Ostrava is ensured by regular bus lines. The bus stop is situated opposite the airport building. You can also take a taxi or rent a car. Passengers who prefer traveling to/from the airport by train, can get on/off the train at the Studénka railway station and use the Airport Shuttle.
Karlovy Vary Airport
This international public civil airport is situated 4 km southeast of Karlovy Vary’s center. It was opened in 1929. The airport is currently undergoing overall modernization, as part of which a new airport building was opened in 2009. Number of checked in passengers a year: approximately 60,000
Pardubice International Airport was not used for civil purposes until 2005. It continues to operate military, as well as civil flights. The airport is situated at the southwest outskirts of Pardubice, 4 km from the city center. There are scheduled bus lines and taxis to/from the airport. The airport is situated in the center of East Bohemia and it is easy to reach from the entire East-Bohemian Region.
TRAVELLING ACROSS THE CZECH REPUBLIC
Travelling by plane
It might be hard to believe that in a country where big cities are located close to one another, some people fly on a plane to get from one to the other. The airlines that fly interstate flights are CSA (Ceske Aerolinie) and Air Ostrava. The planes fly between Prague and Ostrava, Brno, Karlove Vary and Pardubyce.
Travelling by train
The railway is owned by České dráhy company (Czech Railway). It is quite cheap to travel by train. However, you rather will not go very fast. The network of connections in northern and western part of the country is very dense. The trains go even to small towns. In the South and East it is different and it is wort to take a bus instead. The price of the ticket depends on the distance and class of the train.
Buying one return ticket is slightly cheaper than two tickets – one to your destination and one back. When travelling with children up to the age of 6 you do not have to pay for them, however, an adult can travel with only two children who are less than 6-year old without having to buy a ticket for them. You can buy a discount ticket for children from 6 to 15. Groups that consist of at least six persons buy cheaper collective tickets. Direct trains (rychlik in Czech) stop only at major stations.
Further information are available at: www.jizdenka.cz
Travelling by bus
Buses go much faster than trains and usually arrive on time. The trains are owned by CSAD company (http://www.csadcbas.cz/en/aktuality/) and private operators. There are many connections. You can get even to small towns where there are no railway stations.
The prices of tickets for short distances are not too expensive. The timetables are arranged to meet the needs of people going to work and students, so there are very few connections available during working days at noon and in the evening, as well as at weekends. And in the morning and early at noon buses may be crowded.
You buy the ticket most often from the driver (they often ask you to pay with coins). Czechs follow the order when getting on a bus. They get into the bus through the first door and buy a ticket from the driver. When the bus is arriving in most cases people form a line.
The timetables – especially those at major stations – are at times quite complex. You have to pay attention to different symbols placed next to departure times, which inform, among other things, that the bus goes only on working days, on Sundays and holidays etc. When in doubt the best thing you can do is to ask locals for help.
Timetables for trains and busses including their mutual combination with public transport can be found here: http://jizdnirady.idnes.cz/vlakyautobusymhdvse/spojeni/
Travelling by car
Driving a car on a Czech road is a pleasure. The roads are well maintained, there are almost no jams, and you can tell that most drivers behave well on the road. It is worth noticing that even when a car is rushing it slows down once it drives into a residential area. In big cities driving through the centre may be difficult. When driving a motorway or a fast road make sure you have a vignette on your car.
A map of the motorway network in the Czech Republic can be found here: http://www.ceskedalnice.cz/dalnicni-sit/dalnice
Regulations and basics of motor traffic
From 1st November to 31st March using winter tyres is obligatory in the Czech Republic. This applies to motor vehicles with a total weight not exceeding 3.5 tons as well as the vehicles whose total weight is not over 3.5 tons. The maximum speed you are allowed to drive at in a residential area (both at day and night time) is 50 km/h. Outside that area you must not speed over 90 km/h and 130 km/h on motorways (minimum speed on motorways is 50 km/h) When you are driving a car with a trailer on a road outside the residential area and on a motorway you are allowed to speed up to 80 km/h. At railway thoroughfares you ought to slow down to 30 km/h.
Adult drivers are obliged to have their seatbelts fastened (also when sitting on back seats). Even a minimum alcohol content (0.00%) in the driver’s blood is not allowed. Driving under the influence means taking your driving license and paying a big fine. You should drive with your front lights on throughout the year.Also, you have to use the indicator when going past and overtaking, for instance, a cyclist. Foreigners are subject to the Czech penalty points. After having been given 12 such points a foreigner must not drive their car for a year in the Czech Republic. Violation of this rule costs 30 thousand Kč. The driver and the passenger on a motorcycle have to wear helmets.
It is obligatory that a car is equipped with a first aid kit, a warning triangle, a spare tyre, and a towing line. Make sure you also have spare bulbs in your car. Driver is not allowed to use a cellular phone without a loud speaker and microphone set.
Traffic fines start from 1 to 7 thousands Kč. However, the end sum may amount up to 50 thousand Kč. For instance, when driving under the influence you pay 50 thousand Kč, you are taken your driving license or you spend one year in prison. Czech police are usually very strict about their job – it is better not to argue with them.
Sometimes the signage on the roads or their parts is very poor. For instance, you have to pay attention to driveways in big cities. Sometimes it is also hard to find any road signs at roundabouts and flyovers. In major cities you have to pay attention to the so-called peši zony (there may not be any no-drive-in sign but a letter equivalent to it), that is the areas and ways for pedestrians only.
- driving licence (European or international),
- ID card (EU) or passport
- vehicle documents (small certificate of roadworthiness, third party insurance and a green card)
The roads are well maintained (many of them have been modernised for the recent years) and the drivers behave well on road. Driving on a side road (except for cities) is rather smooth. Czechs drive their cars to go on a trip at weekends rather to get to work. To be entitled to drive on motorways and speedways in the Czech Republic there is a single fee for cars, buses, and motorcycles. The driver receives a vignette (nalepka in Czech) that should be placed on a wind pane of a car (towards the inside at passenger’s side).
vehicles with weight up to 3.5 tons:
• 310 Kč for 10 days – letter D
• 440 Kč for 1 month – letter M
• 1.500 Kč for 1 year – letter R
In the Czech Republic you can buy vignettes on a border or at major petrol stations. Important:
- you should buy a vignette before driving on a payable road;
- you should clearly and visibly write your car registration number (using a ball pen or an ink that is hard to remove);
- The first part of the vignette should be placed on its adhesive side towards the inside of the wind pane, in the right bottom corner (sitting inside the car), so that the vignette is easily seen;
- keep the second part for inspection;
- a vignette that is not placed permanently on the wind pane or does not show the registration number shall be considered invalid;
- if there is more than one valid vignette placed on the wind pane, you are subject to a fine;
- if you drive a car on a motorway or a speedway without a valid vignette, you are subject to a fine.
The list of payable roads in the Czech Republic – www.ceskedalnice.cz
The fine for driving a car on a motorway without a vignette is 15 thousand Kč. You have to pay in cash to a police officer, and if you refuse to pay, you pay over that amount during administrative proceedings.
More information can be found here: http://www.mytocz.eu/en/index.html